Born: Address:- ?
Married:- 12th July 1924 to Benjamin-(Ben)-Rayner-Knights:
at St Marks: Hall Road: Lakenham:- Entry 376
At the time of marriage Benjamin-Rayner-Knights
was age 25 and a Coal Trimmer ? address given
61 Rackham Road
Witnesses:- Robert-Knights (Father) Blacksmith,
Edward-Taylor (Father) Labourer, Alfred-Smith-Knights
and Emma-Sopia-Taylor (Sister)
Hilda (Taylor) and Ben lived
on Rackham Road: Norwich.
Census - 114 Goldwell Road, Norwich
Edward Taylor - Head - age 41 - Ladour,
Mustard - born Norwich, Norfolk
Emma E. Taylor - Wife - age 42 - born
Maude Emma Taylor - Daughter - age 20
- Mustrd Hand - born Norwich, Norfolk
Edward John Taylor - Son - age 19 - Shop
Assistant - born Norwich, Norfolk
Flourence H. Taylor - Daughter - age
17 - Tailoress - born Norwich, Norfolk
Arthur Edward Taylor - Son - age 15 -
Box Labolar - born Norwich, Norfolk
John Thomas Taylor - age 14 - Errand
Boy - born Norwich, Norfolk
Emma S. Taylor - Daughter - age 12 -
Scholar - born Norwich, Norfolk
Ether M. Taylor - Daughter - age 11 -
Scholar - born Norwich, Norfolk
Hilda Taylor -
Daughter - age 9 - Scholar - born Norwich, Norfolk
Willaim E. Taylor - Son - age 8 - Scholar
- born Norwich, Norfolk
Dorothy K Taylor - Daughter - age - Scholar
- born Norwich, Norfolk7
Ernest C. Taylor - Son - age 5 - Scholar
- born Norwich, Norfolk
Gertrude W. Taylor - Daughter - age 3
- born Norwich, Norfolk
More on Benjamin
father and grandparents
1881: Census - 1, Waterlane,
Little Plumstead Blofield Norfolk
Rayner Knights - Head - Married - age 57 (1824)
- Ag Lab - born Deopham, Norfolk
Charlotte Knights - Wife - age 55 (1826) - Ag
Lab Wife - born Forncett St Mary, Norfolk
- Son - Single - age 27 (1854) - Ag Lab - born
Forncett St Mary, Norfolk
Horatio Knights - Son - Single - age 21 (1860)
- Ag Lab - born Forncett St Mary, Norfolk
Alfred Knights - Son - age 14 (1867) - Ag Lab
- born Forncett St Mary, Norfolk
Horace Knights - Son - age 4 (1877) - born Norwich,
1881: Census - 2, Long Rd,
Great Plumstead Blofield Norfolk
Benjamin Smith - Head - Married - age 62 (1819)
- Railway Gate Keeper (Level Crossing Man) -
born Alburgh, Norfolk
Mary Smith - Wife - age 58 (1823) - born Campsall,
Charles Smith - Son - age 15 (1866) - born Wortwell,
Martha Smith -
Daughter - Single - age 22 (1859) - Dressmaker
- born Alburgh, Norfolk
Mary Smith - Grand Daughter - age 7 (1874) -
Scholar - born Wortwell,
Norfolk - is this Matha's
1884: Marriage record - Robert Knights
married Martha Smith at Blofield - Jun
quarter (4b 373)
Birth record - Benjamin Rayner Knights
at St. Faiths - Jun quarter (4b 93)
- 61 Rackham Road Norwich Norfolk
Robert Knights - Head - married 27 years - age
56 (1855) - Gardener - born Forncett St Mary
Martha Knights - Wife - age 52 (1859) - born
Alfred Smith Knights - Son - Single - age 21
(1890) - Baker - born Sprowston
Benjamin Rayner Knights
- Son - Scollar - age 10 (19010 - School - born
More on Children
1/ Hilda L.
1946: Hilda married Allen
L. Pampling at Norwich - Jun quarter (4b
Hilda and Allen had children:
1/ Joan D Pampling
born 1947 at Norwich - Jun quarter (4b 1165)
2/ Christine A. Pampling born 1949 at Norwich
- Mar quarter (4b 836)
3/ Michael A. Knights born 1951 at Norwich
- Sep quarter (4b 784)
2/ Joan Knights:-
Born 1926:- Joan was killed in an air raid on
Baxter & Webster's shoe factory in 1942.
It was reported that when her body was found
Joan did not have a mark on her.
1942: Joan died:- age
Tributes to a smashing girl
by DEREK JAMES - 16 August 2007 15:10
Joan Kinghts, aged 15, with
her parents Hilda and Ben and sister Hilda.
This is the happy-go-lucky tomboy who went to
work in Norwich on a Saturday morning so her
sister could spend some time with her future
husband Alan, home on leave from the services,
and never returned.
Joan Knights was killed
when the shoe factory she was working at, Batson
& Webster, received a direct hit. She died
alongside George Smith, the 43-year-old machine
room foreman, in September 1942.
Last month I told how
George's son, Ron Smith, had asked for a plaque
remembering the pair to be put up at the new
St Edmunds Wharf development in Fishergate where
the factory once stood.
The developers Tiger Hill
agreed but Ron said he would love to find friends
or relatives that Joan had so he could tell
them she was finally being remembered.
“I wondered if any
of your readers could help. I cannot find anyone
who knew Joan,” he said.
The response following
my story was extraordinary with my friends and
members of her family getting in touch to say
how pleased they were that Joan was finally
The studio photograph
of Joan was taken at Jerome's famous studios
in Norwich in 1941, the year before she was
The other picture is of
Joan with older sister Hilda. They both worked
at the Batson & Webster shoe factory after
The pictures come from
their cousin Derek Roe, a former Lakenham boy,
who now lives at Hethersett.
And other pictures come
from Carole Fowler (Thouless) who shared a home
with the family in Rackham Road.
“I was born in July
1942 and apparently Joan looked after me before
her death,” she said.
“I couldn't quite
believe it when I saw your story. I am so pleased
that Joan is being remembered after all these
years. It is marvellous,” said Derek,
“We came from a
large family. Her mother and my mother were
sisters. We would always spend Christmas Day
and Boxing Day together,” he recalled.
“Joan was a smashing
girl. A real, happy-go-lucky tomboy who loved
playing with us boys at Lakenham. The last time
I saw her was when we bumped into each other
in Red Lion Street. Then we heard she was killed.
We were all heartbroken,” said Derek.
And he said that it had
been Hilda's turn to work that day but Joan
said she would go in so her sister could spend
some time with her then boyfriend who was home
Her parents were Ben and
Hilda Knights. He worked for Betts, the coal
merchants, and the family lived at Rackham Road
in Norwich. And Derek said he remembered that
sister Hilda's husband was later honoured after
he drove a petrol tanker away from a fire.
I’m proud to share
name of my hero dad - by DEREK JAMES - 21
The scene at Frazier’s
Joinery after it was hit, claiming four lives
on September 5, 1942. If you look closely you
can see people on the right – it gives
you an idea of how large the factory was.
He was a young man who came to Norwich to escape
the bombing… and was killed as he was
working at a city factory on a Saturday morning.
His name was Kenneth George
Belding, and four months after his death his
son was born and named after the father he never
“I am very proud
to share his name,” said Kenneth, who
lives at Caistor St Edmund.
My stories about that
savage bombing raid over Norwich on September
5, 1942 provoked enormous interest and prompted
so many calls and letters.
It all started when Ron
Smith told of his campaign to have a plaque
put up on a new development of homes at Fishergate
where the Batson & Webster shoe factory
His father George Smith
had been killed in the same raid, along with
a 15-year-old girl called Joan Knights. He appealed
for anyone who knew anything about Joan to get
So many of you did.
Although it was 65 years
ago people have never forgotten young Joan,
who was killed when a bomb fell in the courtyard
at the factory - demolishing a cycle shed, blowing
a car into the street and flinging cycles on
A fire-watcher's brick
look-out post was blown over trapping a number
of workers. George, a foreman and special constable,
and Joan were killed and 14 others injured.
Victims included Kenneth
Belding, who came to Norwich to escape the London
But there were more deaths at Frazier's Joinery
Works at St Martin's Palace Plain by the river
where production was in full swing that fateful
Saturday morning when raid 36 of the war happened.
“I was very interested
to read your article as my dad was killed,”
His father was a Londoner
who signed up for the Army at the start of the
war. He had part of his big toe amputated and
wasn't fit for service. He was discharged so
he came to Norwich to escape the bombing.
Despite arriving during
the dreadful Blitz year of 1942, he met and
married Vera, got himself a work in the joinery
works and the couple found a home in the city.
Then Vera discovered she was having a baby.
Kenneth never lived to
see his baby.
“His body was recovered
from the river a week later. My granddad had
to identify the body and he could only do this
because of the big toe being missing,”
There were a total of
four workers at the joinery works that Saturday
and anther man who lost his life was Stephen
Toole, aged 39.
One of his three daughters,
June Rose, said it came as quite a shock to
see the photograph of the works following the
hit as she had never seen it before.
“I understand that
my father had gone into work on that Saturday
morning to help a young apprentice,” said
She was eight years old
at the time and remembers an official, maybe
from the factory, calling at their house at
lunchtime that Saturday to break the news to
“My two sisters
and I were not allowed to go to our father's
funeral,” she added.
She understands that her
father had been also been a fireman helping
to put out the fires as Norwich burned that
year and that the fire
service was represented at his funeral.
During the same raid bombs
also fell on the Magdalen Street area causing
shoppers to run for their lives and a another
bomb fell on Leamon's furniture factory in Calvert
Street. The premises had previously been gutted
by fire and this time the outside walls came